|Emile Zola (1840 – 1902) was a French writer and the most important representative of the school of naturalism. During his early years, Émile Zola wrote several short stories and essays, four plays and three novels. Among his early books was Contes à Ninon, 1864, and The Mysteries of Marseille, 1867. His autobiographical novel La Confession de Claude was published in 1865. After his first major novel, Thérèse Raquin (1867, published shortly after The Mysteries of Marseille), Zola started the long series called The Rougon-Macquart.
The Rougon-Macquart is a series of 20 loosely connected novels about the history of the fictional family of the Rougons and the Macquarts during the time of the "Second Empire" in France (which is the empire of Napoleon III, in the second half of the 19th century, until the Commmune of Paris).
More info about the Rougon-Macquart series at Wikipedia.
"The Mysteries Marseille" (aka "The Mysteries of Marseilles") recounts the love of Philippe Cayol, poor, untitled, republican, and of young Blanche de Cazalis, the niece of De Cazalis, a millionaire, politician and all-powerful in Marseille. Philippe's brother, Marius, devotes himself to protecting the two lovers - and the child Blanche gave birth to before entering a convent - from the anger of De Cazalis.
"The Mysteries of Marseille" appeared as a serialized story in "Le Messager de Provence" in 1867, while Zola was writing "Therese Raquin". As a work of his youth, it was thus also a commissioned work on which Zola "cut his teeth." In it, he himself saw the "amount of will and work" that he had to expend to elevate himself to "the literary effort of the Rougon-Macquart novels."
Indeed, in this popular novel, typical of the genre in its various and unexpected twists and turns, we can already see his style, his palate for real life, his indignation about injustice, and his art of depicting social strata (the wealthy, the clergy, the deviants, the common man) as well as events (the revolution of 1848, the cholera epidemic). With this canvas as a background, he has painted a breathtaking adventure, the thrilling story of an impossible love, that resembles the love of liberty.